10 Tips for How to Learn Anatomy & Physiology Medical

Tips for Studying Physiology. 8) Memorizing the facts of physiology often leads to poor exam grades. There is an easier way to master this science. Start by examining the way in which anatomic systems work together to maintain necessary set points, that is homeostasis.


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How to Study Anatomy and Physiology Medical Science

Learning strategies. This report teaches 7 key learning strategies to use in developing your plan for studying anatomy and physiology. 1. Figure out what you already know. Everyone today knows something about anatomy and physiology – if only from hearing the news. 2.


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Best Way to Learn Anatomy and Physiology Medical Science

Dr. Reece offers a free 30 minute “how-to-get-started” phone conference to students struggling with human anatomy and physiology. Schedule an appointment by email at [email protected] Posted in How to Study for Anatomy and Physiology Tagged anatomy and physiology tests, how to study for anatomy and physiology, learning


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Learning Anatomy: How to Begin Medical Science Navigator

But, the real key to learning anatomy is to understand anatomical names in terms of the movement they control. Think of the body moving in three dimensions. Anatomic charts are static. The body parts and models in anatomy laboratory are fixed. Yet, human anatomic names describe their size, shape, placement and direction of movement.


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3 Simple Secrets for Learning Physiology Medical Science

3 Secrets of Physiologic Function. It Takes Imagination to ‘See’ Physiology. Physiology’s Molecules Are in Constant Motion. Three Master Controllers Regulate Physiologic Function. The facts I learned about human physiology 35 years ago have changed …


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What is Your Plan to Learn Human Anatomy & Physiology

The secret to getting an A in anatomy and physiology is to understand the physiology first. Learning the anatomy is simpler if you think of it as a 3D printout of the physiology. Learn human physiology by starting with how the 3 master controllers, nervous, endocrine and cardiovascular system, partner to maintain each anatomic part of the body.


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Note Taking Skills for Anatomy & Physiology Medical

Taking notes. Limit your writing to major ideas when taking notes. More important than how much you write is how well your notes match what your instructor hopes you will remember. Do not try to be a mind reader and guess what part of the material presented is most important! The major desired takeaway message is designed by your instructor.


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Brain Anatomy and Physiology for Beginners Medical

Because brain anatomy and physiology displays all the fundamental processes of human physiology in one semi-isolated organ. And, it is very hard to make sense of how other anatomic systems operate when the brain is left out of the discussion. Human brain’s right surface, Viktoriya/Shutterstock.com. Most textbooks start with specialized


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Lifespan of Human Body Cells: Physiology of Self Renewal

Lifespan of body parts. While the general features of human beings can be described with pictures and models of body parts in various degrees of assembly, actual human beings exhibit a great deal of variability that is dictated by their physiology.


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Kidney Physiology Basics Medical Science Navigator

Kidney function. Removal of water-soluble metabolic waste products from blood. Regulation of the quantity of blood electrolytes, the water-soluble atoms carrying an electrical charge such a sodium [Na+] and potassium [K+] and phosphate [HPO42- ] Long term maintenance of blood pH [H+] Safeguarding of plasma osmolality, and thereby blood and


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Endocrine System Overview Medical Science Navigator

Endocrine regulation of physiology usually adheres to a slower time course than the neural and cardiovascular systems’ moment-to-moment management. Except in emergencies, endocrine regulation occurs over hours, days, months and occasionally years. However, the large role played by the brain in long-term endocrine regulation, discovered late


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A Plan for Learning Physiology Medical Science Navigator

Simple strategies for getting an A in physiology! Dr. Margaret Thompson Reece’s new human physiology course “30-Day Challenge: Craft Your Plan for Learning Physiology” helps students develop a plan for how to study physiology that eliminates the need for massive memorization. This plan replaces memorization for learning physiology with an understanding of the core concepts of medical


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Neurons: Where does their electricity come from

This illustration shows a cell membrane with an open potassium ion [K +] channel.All cell plasma membranes have a small number of open, or leaky, K + channels that create a transmembrane potential.The leak of the K + that normally balances the negatively charged intracellular proteins leaves the inside of the cell membrane more negative than the outside surface of the cell membrane.


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anatomy and physiology study tips Medical Science Navigator

MedicalScienceNavigator.com is written to increase understanding of the structure and function of the human body and to help people unfamiliar with the science appreciate the elegance of how the human body operates.


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Tips for How to Study the Cardiovascular System Medical

Heart as a double pump. The cardiovascular system, the body’s pressurized blood re-circulation system is powered by a double pump, the heart. Cardiac output of the heart is regulated by intrinsic factors, the nervous system and the endocrine system. The human heart is composed of two filling and two pumping chambers, the atria and the ventricles.


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Memory, Patterns and Themes in Anatomy & Physiology

Placing facts you learn in anatomy and physiology into patterns and themes helps you to remember them. It will also help you to keep up to date during your career in healthcare. Physiology is a science where details change quickly but major themes evolve only slowly. Example themes in physiology include membrane ion channel regulation, osmotic


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how to take notes for anatomy and physiology Medical

The major desired takeaway message is designed by your instructor. I suggest that you take notes during the first three lectures. For each lecture try a slightly different system for how you construct your notes such as outlines, charts, abbreviated sentences. And then, meet with your instructor during office hours or make an appointment.


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Study Anatomy & Physiology for Maximum Learning Medical

The ‘Busy Student’s Anatomy & Physiology Study Journal’ is designed specially to meet the demands of a course like anatomy and physiology, which is delivered as a high-content set of lectures. Using it you space your review of each lecture over 30 days. This journal walks you through a simple process of spacing and interleaving of related topics from multiple lectures.


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Human Body Muscles Medical Science Navigator

Human body muscles are divided into groups named for the gross movement they cause at bone joints. Human muscle groups are named by the direction in which they position, or move about, the bones of the human skeleton. Muscle group names, by design, represent clear opposite directions because of how human joints are engineered.


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Molecular Bond Energy Medical Science Navigator

Bond energy is defined by how much the participating atoms are limited in their motion by the bond. Plants produce high energy sugar molecules by capturing the sun’s radiant energy to rearrange carbon dioxide and water. When sugar is metabolized back to carbon dioxide and water the sun’s energy becomes available to power physiologic functions.


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Brain Synapses Medical Science Navigator

Synapse structure. Synapse structure is explained as separate compartments. There is a small area between the neuron axon terminal and the cell receiving the neurotransmitter named the synaptic cleft.The part of the axon terminal that releases neurotransmitter is called the presynaptic compartment.The cell structure on the other side of the synaptic cleft where neurotransmitter binds is …


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Avoid Anatomy and Physiology Exam Stress Medical Science

Hello Nora, For anatomy check out my posts on orientation and naming muscles. There is a pattern to how the muscles are named. And key to getting the muscle names into your mind is to learn the names of the bones well because muscle names refer to position of the muscles on the bones.


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Memory and New Learning Medical Science Navigator

Learning new material in anatomy and physiology may be blocked by previous learning. Your memory may need updating to the newest explanation for exam success. A …


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Orientation in Anatomy Medical Science Navigator

Direction in anatomy. Today human anatomy is regarded as being a complete science. The “what is where” of the human body is largely known. But, remember as you struggle to learn anatomical names that it took about 3600 years to make it a complete science.


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Anatomy Lab Tests Medical Science Navigator

Step 4: Look for patterns in the tissue under the microscope. For many this is the hardest part of anatomy lab. Getting a tissue section into focus under the microscope is a challenge. Then it is hard to recognize parts of the tissue without help from someone who already knows them.


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Compartments in Anatomy and Physiology Medical Science

The major difference between anatomic compartments and physiologic function compartments is that anatomic compartments have physical borders and physiologic compartments are often amorphous – that is they do not occupy a fixed space. Another way of stating this is that anatomic compartments occupy space much like a room in a house occupies space.


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anatomy study tips Medical Science Navigator

Whatever is available to your lab for study is considered fair game for creating questions. If your lab has a model labeled like the illustration above, it would probably be a good idea to know the names that go with the numbers.


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Physiology Shapes Anatomy Medical Science Navigator

Nothing could be less true – anatomy and physiology are two ways of viewing the same thing. It is physiology that shapes anatomy. It is physiology that creates the body’s physical substance and allows it to move about within the world. Physiological chemistry forms the anatomy of the body. When function fails the anatomy wastes away.


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Membrane Ion Channel Selectivity Medical Science Navigator

Ion channel selectivity. Ion channel selectivity is important to neuron signaling, muscle contraction, kidney function and much of the rest of physiology. An ion, an electrically charged atom, can only travel through cell membrane channels designed specifically for it. Selective ion channels are found throughout the body.


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Medical Language Translation Medical Science Navigator

Another example is the brain cell called a neuron.Neuron originates from a Greek word meaning sinew or string.And string-like is a good description of the shape of a neuron. The process of neuroplasticity is a hot topic in neuroscience right now. Here two descriptive words of Greek and Latin origin, neuron and plasticity, are combined.Plasticity originates from two similar words one Greek, the


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Human Tissue Lab Practical Exams Medical Science Navigator

During a lab practical exam, it is required that you distinguish which organ an arrangement of the tissue types represents. To do this, you must look for clues about the identity of the organ by observing the sub-types of animal tissues included. How might each of the sub types support the organ’s function. The image below is in the banner at


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tips for studying anatomy and physiology Medical Science

Tips for Studying Physiology. 8) Memorizing the facts of physiology often leads to poor exam grades. There is an easier way to master this science. Start by examining the way in which anatomic systems work together to maintain necessary set points, that is homeostasis.


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5 Tips about Air Flow in Lung Medical Science Navigator

Tip # 5 Oxygen solubility in water. The air sacs of the lung, the alveoli, are lined with a watery fluid through which lung gasses must pass when entering and exiting the red cells of the blood. This means solubility of O2 and CO2 in water is an important …


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What Syllabus for Anatomy and Physiology

Exam dates. Your anatomy and physiology syllabus will provide your exam dates. Most institutions give students only a short time to drop a class without a grade. Often this drop date is before the first exam. Study your syllabus as soon as you get it to decide whether to stay in or drop the course before you are stuck in a no-win situation.


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Thyroid Hormone: What Does It Do

Thyroid hormone affects virtually every cell in the body. The thyroid system provides an example of how the endocrine system and the nervous system can functionally merge to achieve an objective. Thyroid hormone is crucial to growth, nutrient metabolism and body heat generation. Among numerous other things, it supports neuron maturation in


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Ependymal Cells Medical Science Navigator

Ependymal cells are cube-shaped epithelial cells that line the surface of the brain’s four interior chambers, the ventricles, and the central canal of the spinal cord. Ependymal cells secrete cerebrospinal fluid and absorb it. The surface of the ependymal cell layer that faces the ventricles is covered by cilia and microvilli.


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Repetition In Anatomical Names: Learning Anatomy Medical

In anatomy it and its prefix form ‘cyto-’ always refer to cells, the smallest building blocks of the body. A leukocyte is a cell that is the color white, because leuko- is a Greek word meaning clear or white. Astrocytes along a blood vessel in the brain, Jose Luis Calvo/Shutterstock.com. You will also come across oocyte (ovum cell


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Hormone Regulation of Plasma Calcium: Human Medical

Blood Ca++ regulation begins at the parathyroid gland. The parathyroid gland, composed of four small structures, sits on the surface of the thyroid gland. The hormone it secretes is called parathyroid hormone. The rate of parathyroid hormone secretion increases above its constant basal rate when Ca++ in plasma falls below a critical level.


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Muscle Origins, Insertions and Levers Medical Science

Muscle levers. Muscles pulling on bone work like one of the 3 types of lever displayed above. In anatomy, muscle levers consist of bone [a rigid bar] that pivots at an anatomical structure that acts as a hinge or a point of support [a fulcrum] and moves a weight [load] at one end or at the midpoint of the bar by applying a muscle contraction [force].


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Oligodendrocytes Medical Science Navigator

In contrast, demyelination of axons in Alzheimer’s, a form of dementia associated with brain inflammation, is a more discrete process. In Alzheimer’s there is a focal loss of oligodendrocytes associated with amyloid beta plaque.


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Blood Brain Barrier Medical Science Navigator

Brain capillaries. Brain capillaries prevent 98% of small molecules and almost all large molecules carried in blood from entering the brain. Transport of blood-carried molecules, large and small, into the brain is tightly controlled by an unusual arrangement at brain capillaries called the blood brain barrier. The concentration of water, hormones, amino acids, neurotransmitters and other


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GI Hormones of Digestion & Fast Medical Science Navigator

This is the third in a series of articles about the gastrointestinal system. The two previous articles in this series, Gastrointestinal Tract Neural Regulation and Human Digestion: Main & Accessory Organs may be found by clicking on the titles. I strongly encourage you to approach your study of the physiology of each anatomic system by first asking how the nervous system supports its purpose.


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Brain's Memory Circuits Medical Science Navigator

Brain circuits consist of linked neurons. Connections between neurons are mobile and the circuit configuration is subject to modification. Connections between neurons experience constant readjustment based upon the quantity and quality of incoming signals. Brain circuits are not closed loops where charged particles end up back at their source


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Buffering Body Alkalinity and Acidity Medical Science

In contrast, alkalosis, an increased alkaline condition, is a circumstance where pH is elevated above 7.45 because the blood has lost too much hydrogen ion [H +].]. One cause may be severe vomiting. Severe vomiting can result in loss of stomach acid [H +], potassium ion [K +], and sodium ion [Na +] along with the stomach contents.When this happens kidney processes compensate …


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Birth of Neurons Continues in Human Brain into 5th Decade

A special part of episodic memory is a person’s memory of those events that make up their own life’s history. The hippocampus region of the brain is where new episodic memories begin. And, it is the only place in the human brain where birth of new neurons has been confirmed in the adult. Episodic memory formation is a complex process.


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cardiovascular system Medical Science Navigator

The secret to getting an A in anatomy and physiology is to understand the physiology first. Learning the anatomy is simpler if you think of it as a 3D printout of the physiology.


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Dendritic Spines Medical Science Navigator

Dendritic spines memory. Dendritic spines are the anatomical form of memory. Anatomy and physiology lectures present a broad array of audio and visual cues that are aimed at helping your brain remember specific aspects of these sciences. The actual mechanism underlying your memory of these stimuli is best illustrated by the dendritic spine’s


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mechanical stress on bone Medical Science Navigator

Mechanical stress on bone. It is the osteocyte that senses mechanical stress on bone that is generated by strength and duration of muscle tension. Shear stress on bone transfers to the fluid surrounding osteocytes. Osteocytes have receptors that detect the fluid shear stress. Muscle and bone work together to create movement, Designua


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