What Is Orbital Velocity

An airplane can travel in the sky but it does not travel at a velocity fast enough to sustain orbit around the earth. This means that once the airplane’s engines are turned off, the plane will slow down and be pulled back down to earth, via the force of gravity.


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What Was the Buran Shuttle

Chris also talks about the science of space travel, life as an astronaut, and how flying in space will forever change the way you think about living on Earth. Want to become better engaged with science and technology? The MasterClass Annual Membership provides exclusive video lessons from master scientists and astronauts, including Chris Hadfield.


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Learn How Escape Velocity Works and How to Calculate

When astrophysicists design rockets to travel to other planets—or out of the solar system entirely—they use the rotational velocity of the Earth to speed up the rockets and launch them beyond the reach of Earth’s gravity. The speed required to break free of an orbit is known as escape velocity. Save.


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How to Launch a Space Shuttle: Learn About the Final

The space shuttle orbiter, boosters, external fuel tank, and main engines must be meticulously inspected and processed to ensure that the shuttle can withstand the rigors of space travel and re-entry into earth’s atmosphere. Attach tank and boosters. After inspecting each vehicle element, the shuttle is transported to a Vehicle Assembly


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What Is Speculative Fiction

Science fiction: stories with imagined technologies that don’t exist in the real world, like time travel, aliens, and robots. Sci-fi fantasy fiction: sci-fi stories inspired by mythology, folklore, and fairy tales that combine imagined technologies with elements of magical realism.


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Guide to Camera Moves: 13 Types of Camera Movement

These basic camera movements are foundational to cinematography. Tracking shot: Any shot in which the camera physically moves sideways, forward, or backward through the scene.Tracking shots usually last longer than other shots, follow one or more moving subjects, and immerse the audience in a particular setting. The term tracking shot traditionally referred to a shot achieved with a camera


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String Theory Explained: A Basic Guide to

The following timeline marks significant accomplishments in the field of string theory. 1968: Gabriele Veneziano, an Italian theoretical physicist working at the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), used data collected from various particle accelerators to formulate the foundations of string theory.He constructed the dual-resonance model after realizing he could use the …


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A Complete Guide to Writing Creative Nonfiction

One of the great things about nonfiction writing is that almost anyone is capable of writing it. By tapping into your own experiences and putting pen to paper, you can create engaging, moving pieces that explore your personal history. Creative nonfiction is a type of nonfiction writing that encourages writers to incorporate techniques more often found in fiction writing and include personal


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What Are the Different Genres of Literature

Fiction refers to a story that comes from a writer’s imagination, as opposed to one based strictly on fact or a true story. In the literary world, a work of fiction can refer to a short story, novella, and novel, which is the longest form of literary prose. Every work of fiction falls into a sub-genre, each with its own style, tone, elements, and storytelling devices.


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9 Popular Screenplay Genres: A Guide to Different Movie

Science fiction spans a wide range of themes that often explore time travel, space travel, are set in the future, and deal with the consequences of technological and scientific advances. Sci-fi screenplays typically involve a lot of meticulous world-building with a strong attention to detail in order for the audience to believe the story.


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How to Get Rid of Carpenter Ants: 8 Treatments for Ants

Once there, they settle into moist or hollowed wood, creating their galleries to travel from one to the other freely. Carpenter ants mate in humid weather, which is when ant problems usually spike. After mating, the males die, and the fertilized females head …


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Tips to Advance Your Travel Photography

The travel photographer is a collector and curator of experiences. A good travel photographer will show the emotions and sensations of a destination, evoking a sense of enviable wanderlust. Travel photography is not just about snapping photos of smiling faces on the beach, however. It is about observation, research, and thoughtful composition.


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Cookware Guide: 10 Types of Pans and How to Use Them

Many models can also travel from the stovetop to the oven, making them ideal for dishes that need to be browned first and then slowly cooked in an oven. Dutch ovens are often made of oven-safe cast iron or enameled cast iron. Grill pan: A grill pan is a pan with ridges that mimic the effect of a barbecue. Grill pans are often made of cast iron


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What Are the Different Types of Rocket Fuel

Rocket design is all about trade-offs: every extra pound of cargo that a rocket needs to lift off the surface of Earth requires more fuel, while every new bit of fuel adds weight to the rocket. Weight becomes an even bigger factor when trying to get a spaceship somewhere as far away as Mars, land there, and come back again. Accordingly, mission designers have to be as judicious and efficient


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What Does It Feel Like to Go to Space

Long before NASA and its Russian counterparts launched the twentieth-century space race with rocket programs like Apollo and Soyuz, humankind has long dreamed of breaking beyond Earth’s atmosphere and experiencing the miracle of space travel. While the overwhelming majority of humans inhabiting Earth will never get to experience spaceflight, some lucky individuals, like NASA astronaut Chris


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Deadlift Form Guide: How to Perfect Your Deadlift Form

As you begin to stand, squeeze your glutes and allow your hips to travel forward. As your hips move forward, keep your arms long, and finish the movement by squeezing your glutes and maintaining a neutral spine. Imagine that your pelvis is a bucket filled with water and you’re attempting not to spill any water out of the front, back, or sides


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What Is the Skylab Space Station

In the annals of space travel, Skylab is often a footnote. America’s first space station, Skylab and its crews contributed mightily to our understanding of how humans adapt to living in space. Though less well known today than programs like Mir and the International Space Station, Skylab represents an important milestone in the history of manned space exploration.


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How to Become a Nature Photographer: Step-by-Step Guide

A nature photographer attempts to capture nature in all its beauty and grandeur. Wildlife photographers will travel all over the United States and the rest of the world—from Patagonia to Norway to Antarctica—photographing exotic animals like the crab spider or emperor penguins or the stunning vistas of a national park.. Nature photography can be used to document the changing of the seasons


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How to Use Less Plastic: 7 Ways to Reduce Plastic Waste

To reduce your personal plastic consumption and eliminate plastic water bottles and cups, commit to using your own reusable bottle and travel coffee mug. If your first instinct is to go out and buy a brand new refillable bottle, though, know that it can take a couple hundred uses to pay off the environmental impact of producing a single new bottle.


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Douro Valley Wines: Explore This Portuguese Wine Region

In Portugal’s Douro Valley, grapes are grown all along the rocky, mountainous vistas sloping down into the fertile plains of the river Douro. Known worldwide for its port wine, the Douro Valley is also home to numerous unsung table wines that form the distinct identity of this ancient wine region.


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Lobster Buying Guide: How and Where to Buy Live Lobster

Cooking lobster starts with buying a great lobster, a process that can feel daunting to anyone who didn’t grow up in a lobster-fishing community.When buying lobster, there are three things to keep in mind: Live vs. frozen: Although it’s possible to purchase lobster tails or pulled lobster meat, fresh, whole lobsters have the best flavor.A dead lobster can start to become mushy within an


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7 Tips for Curbing Jet Lag Symptoms

Jet lag is a disruption of one's circadian clock caused by rapid travel between different time zones. Also known as travel fatigue, flight fatigue, and desynchronosis, it affects the body's sleep-wake cycle. If you’re experiencing jet lag, you may struggle to establish a …


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Learn About Soyuz, the Decades-Old Spacecraft That

The Soyuz spacecraft is one of the oldest spacecraft still in use today, used by astronauts as they travel to and from the International Space Station (ISS). Soyuz played an instrumental role in helping astronauts conduct research and experiments to learn more about our solar system.


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How to Write Haibun Poetry: Tips for Writing

Poetry has the unique ability to express the beauty, mystery, and contradictions inherent in the world around us. One of the most challenging and evocative poetic forms is the haibun, which combines elements of travel writing, haiku, and poetic prose into a wholly unique artform.


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What Is Atmospheric Drag

Atmospheric drag is the atmospheric force (friction) acting opposite to the relative motion of an object. Atmospheric drag is particularly important for space flight and research as it both hinders an object (often a rocket-propelled craft) exiting the atmosphere, and also pulls orbital objects back towards Earth over time. Space stations like the International Space Station (ISS), space


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What Is the Hohmann Transfer

“Orbital mechanics” is a term for the mathematics by which a spaceship changes orbit. For objects that are in orbit, the closer they are to the object they are orbiting, the faster they will travel around it. This applies to any object orbiting another: Earth orbiting the sun ; The moon orbiting Earth ; A spaceship orbiting a planet


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What Is Crate Training

Puppy crate training is a methodical way to housebreak young puppies and keep them safe and secure while their owner is gone. Learn to crate train a puppy by following step-by-step crate training tips.


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How to Grow Bell Peppers: 7 Tips for Growing

It can take bell peppers anywhere from 60 to 90 days to ripen, depending on which pepper varieties you want. Green peppers are the least mature and the most bitter—but if you leave a green pepper on the vine, it will evolve into yellow, then orange, before fully ripening into …


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Pillow Guide: 7 Types of Pillows for Better Sleep

Travel pillow: Travel pillows, measuring 12 inches by 16 inches, are small and easily portable. Travel pillows are filled with microbeads and provide neck support when you’re sleeping on a moving vehicle. Wedge pillow: This orthopedic pillow is suitable for back sleepers. The triangle shape can support the lower back.


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Exercise: Mirroring and Labeling Chris Voss Teaches The

It could be travel. It could be selling mortgages, but something that resonates with you. - OK. - Now, when we get started, all I'm going to do is the two skills I'm just going to use. First it's just going to be a label, which is it sounds like, it seems like, or you sound or you seem. It's just a verbal observation.


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BANT Explained: How to Qualify Sales Leads

In the world of business-to-business sales, a qualified lead is a potential client you've vetted and determined is a likely buyer for your company's product or service. But how do you go about qualifying your sales leads? One of the oldest and widely-used lead-qualification techniques is the BANT method.


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How to Get Rid of Earwigs in Your Garden and Home

Use a small spoon to create a line of powder along insect travel lines or baseboards. The powder will adhere to the earwig’s exoskeleton and dry them out, which will eventually kill them. Boric acid powder can be used with similar effect. Dish soap spray: For a pesticide alternative, fill a spray bottle with dish detergent and water. Spray


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Barbell Squat Guide: How to Do Barbell Back Squats

As you begin to stand up, keep your chest high, squeeze your glutes, allow your knees to straighten and your hips to travel forward. As you finish the movement, squeeze your glutes and quadriceps while maintaining a neutral spine. At the end of each repetition, your …


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Learn About BEAM: The Expandable Module Developed for

The International Space Station (ISS) serves as a collaborative orbiting laboratory for international space agencies to conduct experiments and develop technologies that may one day assist in deep space exploration or human missions to Mars. One technology developed for the ISS is an expandable module known as the Bigelow Expandable Activity Module (BEAM).


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What Is a Mirrorless Camera and How Does It Compare to a

Portability makes it a better choice for travel or street photography. Electronic viewfinder (EVF): When the light passes through the lens of a mirrorless camera, it appears directly onto the image sensor, offering a live view which then displays on the rear LCD screen. This image preview allows you to adjust settings like exposure, brightness


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How to Get Rid of Spider Mites on Plants

Spider mites travel easily from plant to plant, so you’ll want to keep new plants or unexposed ones away from infected areas. Provide careful nourishment. After tending to damaged leaves, your plant will be more sensitive and need mindful care. Check if the soil is too dry or oversaturated to make sure it is getting the right amount of


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Guide to Supernatural vs. Paranormal Fiction With Examples

The paranormal genre includes creatures like zombies, werewolves, aliens, and ghosts, as well as phenomena like telepathy and time travel. “Supernatural” refers to phenomena that are forever outside the realm of scientific explanation, such as god, the afterlife, and the soul.


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Bodyweight Squat Guide: How to Master Bodyweight Squats

Allow your arms to travel in front of your body as you lower into the squat position. Lower until your legs are parallel or slightly below parallel with the floor. Only lower as far as you can maintain a level pelvis and keep the weight on your feet evenly distributed. Imagine that your pelvis is a bucket filled with water and you’re


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How to Make a Tarte Tatin at Home: Easy

Tarte Tatin is a rustic gem in the pastry universe. The pastry is infinitely less fussy than a lattice-topped apple pie and features a solid performative flourish right at the end. Tarte Tatin is an easy-to-make recipe that works for occasions both big and small.


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Who Is the First Assistant Camera

The camera department is an essential unit of any video production—they do everything from helping determine the look and feel of the film to cleaning the equipment. Everyone in the camera department reports to the director of photography (also called the cinematographer) for direction. Two important support positions in the department are the first assistant camera and second assistant camera.


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